### Synchronising two directory trees - update

I've just released an update to tree-sync-2.2.pl on CPAN. This fixes a few bugs with special character handling in filenames.

I've currently three main uses for the script:

• On my Windows XP laptop, I use it to backup my working files to an external drive. For this I use the "fwdonly" mode so that the external drive copy is a perfect copy of what I have on the laptop.
• Also on my laptop, I have a collection of files that I sync with the external drive in "full" sync mode (default). This means changes will be exchanged bidirectionally. This is useful because sometimes I will drop files into this area with the external drive connected to another machine.
• Thirdly, I use it on my server to sync a collection of files from cvs into a web-visible area.

PS: As of Oct-2008, the tree-sync project is now on github. Use this if you want to contribute to development. Of course, releases will still be distributed for use on CPAN.

### Find and tail the Oracle alert log

"Where's the alert log?" .. usually the first thing you want to know when looking at a new database.

Oracle's Grid Control solves this problem very well with it's web interface. But not always available.

Or in my case recently, where I had 6 databases setup on a single machine for various testing scenarios, I was getting tired of cd'ing all over the place, forgetting paths, or ending up with too many windows open for my own good. Getting well sick of this, I did a quick hunt for scripts to help but surprisingly didn't find much. So diving in, I created oraAlertLog.sh and now I'm happy;)

This script is for running on the database server. The Oracle environment must be set, and - at least for the first call - the database must be available so that the "background_dump_dest" parameter can be obtained. The script will cache the alert log location so that it will still work if the database happens to be down.

After getting this running I thought "duh!", should have been in perl so it would be possible to run on any platform supported by Oracle. Here's a version in Perl: oraAlertLog.pl. It requires Perl with DBI and DBD::Oracle .. the Perl distribution included with Oracle Database is fine for this (you just need to make sure the environment is properly configured).

### Request header rewrites with Java servlet filters

A collegue and I have been looking at a setup with completely separate Oracle Portal (with SSO) and Oracle Collabsuite installations, and we wanted a simple way to have users automatically logged into Collabsuite after logging into Portal. If you are not familiar with Collabsuite, just think "J2EE" application.

Normally you would deploy a consolidated infrastructure, which makes this a no-brainer, but for various reasons we wanted to keep these two environments quite separate.

The details of how we did this are not really pertinent, but the bottom line is that we had everything sorted with one exception: the LDAP realm on Portal did not match Collabsuite. Everything was nicely working except the Collabsuite web applications keeled over, because the "osso-user-dn" request header set by the Portal SSO did not match Collabsuite.

If only we could hack/rewrite the osso-user-dn to fixup the realm part!

Now with Apache 2.0, this is probably quite easy by using the RequestHeaders directive in httpd.conf. That didn't exist in Apache 1.3, which unfortunately is what we are using.

This lead me to investigate what could be done at the J2EE level, and I discovered for the first time the servlet filter features in the Servlet API 2.3.

There are a few good tutorials floating around the web, such as Jason Hunter's JavaWorld article, but nothing I've found yet specifically demonstrates header rewrite.

Its pretty simple though. I've put together a demo RewriteRequestHeaderFilter with sources (download: RewriteRequestHeaderFilter-1.0-src.zip). It contains a complete demo site, but is also packaged and ready to insert into any arbitrary web application (just deploy the jar and fiddle the site's web.xml).

So, if you ever find yourself wanting to fiddle request headers in the J2EE environment and don't have "external" options, the RewriteRequestHeaderFilter could be just the ticket.

Postscript 2008-06-02: I've moved this to its own sourceforge project now.

### Who's bound to that port?

Recently wanted to track down the details of the process that had a specific port open. I checked out the O'Reilly Linux Server Hacks book, and hack #56 was pretty much what I wanted. I scriptified it somewhat as follows. Note that this only looks at tcp:

#!/bin/bash
port=$1 procinfo=$(netstat --numeric-ports -nlp 2> /dev/null | grep ^tcp | grep -w ${port} | tail -n 1 | awk '{print$7}')

case "${procinfo}" in "") echo "No process listening on port${port}"
;;
"-")
echo "Process is running on ${port}, but current user does not have rights to see process information." ;; *) echo "${procinfo} is running on port ${port}" ps -uwep${procinfo%/*}
;;
esac

As you can see, this works by getting a little bit of process info from netstat, then using ps to get the full details. Download the script here: whosOnPort.sh